What is partitioning a hard disk means?
Partitioning a hard disk is to divide a hard disk into different logical disks so that each partition acts as a separate disk. You can have three primary partition and one extended partition. The extended partition can be divided into 24 logical partitions.
Why should you partition a hard disk ?
Suppose if you have all backed up files and folders in the same drive i.e C: and if your C: drive suddenly crashes then you may not be able to retrieve the files. But if you have divided the hard disk into different partitions then you can store them safely into other partitions so that if the C: drive containing the operating system crashes then you can still retrieve them.
You can use another partition to create a system image file so that in case if your operating system crashes then you can restore your operation system from the system image stored in the other partition.
If you want to have dual operating system in your computer i.e win7 and win vista then you can create it easily if you have more partitions.
How to partition a hard disk ?
- Right click on “My Computer“
- Click on “Manage“. You will get the following screen.
- Right click on the partition which you want to partition. eg. D: drive and select “shrink volume“
- Now you will get the following screen.
- You will see the default amount of space to shrink you can change the amount of space to shrink. After that you can click on “shrink” button.
- Now you will get a new partition but won’t be allocated with any name and it is labelled as “Unallocated“
- Now the next step is to format and assign a drive letter to the partition.
- Right click on the new partition and click on “New Simple Volume“
- You will get “New Simple Volume wizard“. Click on “Next” button.
- Now you will get another wizard box, click on “Next” button.
- Now you will get another wizard box where you can specify letter for your new partition. You can specify any letter from the list or if you want you may not specify any letter. After making necessary selection click on “Next“
- Now you will get another wizard box where you can partition your hard disk. You can partition using “FAT32” or “NTFS” file system and you can give the label to your new partition. You can put a tick mark on check box in front of “Perform a quick format“. Unless you don’t format the partition you will not be able to use the partition. Then click on “Next“
- Now you will get a message where you will be informed that you have successfully created new partition. Now click on “Finish” button.
How to delete and merge a Partition?
- Right click on “My Computer” icon and click on “Manage“.
- Now you will get the following screen.
- Right click on the new logical drive and select “Delete volume“
- Now you will get a warning message that all your data will be erased. If you have necessary data back it up and then click on “Yes“
- Now the volume will be deleted and you will get a partition with free space without any drive letter and volume as below.
- Right click on the partition and click on “Delete Partition“
- Now you will get a warning message that the partition will be inaccessible, click on “Yes“
- Now the partition is deleted and you will see an “unallocated” space in place of partition.
- Now next process is to merge the partition to the previous one from which it was created. Right click on the partition from which the new partition was created. In my case it is D: drive and click on “Extend volume“
- Now you will get a wizard box which informs you that you can increase the size of the disk by adding space from one or more disks. Click on “Next” button.
- Now you will get a box where you can select the space to merge. In our case we had deleted one partition so we can see the partition ad “Disk 0 and the space in MB” (1500) in my case.
- Now you will get the final wizard box, click on “Finish” button.
- Now you will see the unallocated space has disappeared and merged with D: drive and you can see the space for D: drive is increased